Analysis and synthesis are opposite processes that work together to create strong research writing.
Bridging Analysis and Synthesis in Research Writing
Analysis and synthesis are opposite processes. An analysis is breaking an argument down into its components and evaluating its logic. Synthesis involves finding connections and links and evaluating their significance. These opposite processes work together. Without an accurate analysis of a paper’s argument, the synthesis of ideas and themes with multiple papers will be incorrect. We can use language as a bridge between analysis and synthesis, including verbs (Table 1), phrases, and sentences frames (Table 2).
Table 1. Verbs that bridge analysis and synthesis
Table 2. Phrase and sentence frames for talking about two sources (APA)
|Phrases for explaining|
|Basically, Silva (2018) is saying__________. |
Silva (2018) argues that ________________.
|In other words, Silva (2018) observes______. |
Silva (2018) claims that ________________.
|By offering this implication, Silva (2018)___. |
The essence of Silva’s (2018) argument is __.
|Sentences frames for synthesis|
|Silva’s (2018) primary claim is __________. Basically, Silva (2018) is saying__________. Harim (2020) corroborates this finding with __________. However, Harim (2020) complicates this finding with _________.|